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How Many Kinds Of Pranayama Are There In Yoga

Lions Breath: Simhasana Pranayama

Types of Pranayama

Simhasana Pranayama is ideal for relieving tension and stress in the body through stretching your entire face, giving flow through your mind and body. The practice is performed by lowering the jaw to open the mouth wide, stretching the tongue out and curling it down as you forcefully exhale. This powerful exhalation is beneficial for releasing negative emotions such as anger and resentment which are often held inside the body.

Best Way To Practice Pranayama And Some Precautions

It is ideal to practice pranayama toward the beginning of the day on an unfilled stomach and in a stay with natural air.

Specific sorts of Breathing exercises are not suggested in the event that you are suffering from the period, are pregnant, or have stomach related issues since they include stomach withdrawals with an upward movement.

Pranayama with quick rhythms or breath maintenance ought not to be polished on the off chance that you have asthma, coronary illness, and hypertension or are pregnant.

This is anything but a total rundown of insurances, in the event that you have a particular wellbeing condition please talk with your wellbeing expert or nearby yoga advisor before practicing.

12 Types of Pranayama

What Exactly Is Pranayama

Pranayama is the ancient practice of controlling your breath. You control the timing, duration, and frequency of every breath and hold.

The goal of pranayama is to connect your body and mind. It also supplies your body with oxygen while removing toxins. This is meant to provide healing physiological benefits.

Pranayama involves different breathing techniques. Examples include:

, pranayama reduced perceived stress levels in healthy young adults. The researchers speculated that pranayama calms the nervous system, which improves your stress response.

Another 2013 study found similar benefits. Individuals who practiced pranayama experienced less anxiety before taking a test.

The authors of the study linked this effect to the increased oxygen uptake during pranayama. Oxygen is energy for your vital organs, including your brain and nerves.

The stress-relieving effects of pranayama may also help you sleep.

In clinical studies , a technique known as Bhramari pranayama was shown to slow down breathing and heart rate when practiced for 5 minutes. This may help calm your body for sleep.

According to a 2019 study, pranayama also improves sleep quality in people with obstructive sleep apnea. Additionally, the study found that practicing pranayama decreased snoring and daytime sleepiness, suggesting benefits for better quality rest.

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How Many Types Of Pranayama

According to Hatha Yoga Pradipika, traditionally there are 8 types of pranayama combinedly called 8 Kumbhakas. All other pranayamas that we do in yoga merely modified variations of these traditional techniques.

To know the better classification of pranayama techniques, one can break down breathing into its 3 basic components, Inhale-exhale, and retention. It should be noted, all types of pranayama have one aim, to extend breath retention hence its also known as Kumbhaka.

However, beginners most practiced pranayama like Nadi Shodhan, Kapalbhati, Anulom Vilom, and Sama Vritti, arent part of traditional techniques. While some pranayama techniques like Pranav pranayama and Udgeeth pranayama are known to induce a better environment for meditation practice.

Other than these, there are some advanced pranayama yogis used to stimulate kundalini and attain a higher state of chakras . These types of advanced pranayama comprise the incorporation of Bandhas and mudras along with regular breathing.

Dirga Pranayama ‘three Part Breath’

KalpaBhati Health Benefits.

This pranayama technique got its name because when you practice it, you are actively breathing into three different parts of the abdomen. Its probably the best pranayama for beginners, as it gets you used to filling up your lungs and meditatively breathing.

You can do it like this:

  • Lay down on your back, in a comfortable position
  • Breathe into the belly, watching it expand with the breath
  • Just when you think its full, draw even more breath to fill the rib cage
  • Then let a tiny bit more in and fill the chest
  • Begin to exhale slowly, starting with your upper chest
  • Then release from the rib cage
  • And lastly, let the air go from the belly
  • After completing one cycle, continue for another 10-20 breaths

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What Precautions Should Be Taken In Doing Pranayama Yoga

Be it any pranayama, we should take special care in every pranayama, which will prove to be effective for every human being, because we develop our body and muscles in pranayama. If we do not pay attention to some things while doing pranayama, then we may have to face loss instead of benefit.

We neither have to drink any liquid nor do we have to eat anything before doing asanas. We should do every asana on an empty stomach, if we have drunk any liquid then we should do easy after 1 hour and if we have eaten something then we should do asana after 3 to 4 hours.

If you have done any operation before 2 or 3 months then you should not do this easy and if you do this asana then you will have to suffer its loss.

Only after doing pranayama, it is necessary that we should do some running work. This should be done after 7 minutes. One important thing to know is that while doing pranayama, we have to straighten our spine and face.

We should always do pranayama sitting. While doing pranayama, we have to lay something on the ground, on the contrary, if we do any asana in a rough place, then we will have to face a lot of loss which does not come in the correct method of doing asana. There is a benefit from doing this asana, but if we do not take care of it, then honey may also have to be faced. In case of place, you should find such a place to sit.

This asana can be easily called by a child, old and young, a person of any age because in this we have to do the asana sitting.

Yoga Day : Prana Is Breath Or The Vital Energy In The Body And On Subtle Levels It Represents The Pranic Energy Responsible For Life Whereas Ayama Means Control So Pranayama Basically Means Control Of Breath


Prana” is breath or the vital energy in the body and on subtle levels, it represents the pranic energy responsible for life. Whereas ayama” means control, so Pranayama basically means Control of Breath”.

Yoga Day 2021 is around the corner and fitness enthusiasts around the globe are gearing up for the big day. Yoga has several difficult asanas like sirsasana, kakasana, halasana, gandha bherundasana, garudasana, vasisthasana, and sirsa padasana. But one of the easiest and most effective among all is pranayama.

Prana” is breath or the vital energy in the body and on subtle levels, it represents the pranic energy responsible for life. Whereas ayama” means control, so Pranayama basically means Control of Breath”.

It is believed that an individual with the help of pranayama can control the rhythms of pranic energy and hence, achieve a healthy body and mind. For all the pranic activities, five types of pranas are responsible. These include prana, apana, udana, vyan, and samana. Though all five have their benefits, Prana and Apana are considered most important.

Practicing pranayama helps one achieve balance in the activities of these pranas, resulting in a healthy, stable body and mind.

There are a total of 8 types of pranayama:

Nadi Sodhana Alternate Nostril Breathing: Popularly known as alternate nostril breathing, this pranayama helps to bring balance in the three doshas of the human the mind, body, and soul. Beginners are widely taught this pranayama.

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When Should We Do Surya Mudra

As this gesture produces heat in the body and honors the Sun, its best to practice Surya Mudra first thing in the morning. As with most mudras, it is of great importance to make the practice intentional. Mudras are most often paired with a meditation practice or a pranayama exercise.

You want to avoid practicing surya mudra when you already have the fire element present in your body: middle of the day or when youre feeling super high-energy. This keeps us from excessive heat production in the body.

For the best results, make sure this is a regular practice.

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Does Yoga Help Reduce Belly Fat

Pranayama – Types of Breathing

Practicing yoga may also help you develop muscle tone and improve your metabolism. While restorative yoga isnt an especially physical type of yoga, it still helps in weight loss. One study found that restorative yoga was effective in helping overweight women to lose weight, including abdominal fat.

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Meditation Hand Positions With Pictures

Begin by finding a meditative posture. Sit with your weight evenly between your sitting bones and the bowl of the pelvis tilted slightly forward so that your spine can lengthen upwards more effortlessly. Allow your eyes to softly close and become aware of your breath.

Use the instructions below to guide you into a mudra. Your hands likely arent used to the shapes, so be patient and dont force it uncomfortably! Use minimal pressure so you dont have any tension in the hands. You can try performing with one hand at a time and switch hands when one fatigues as youre getting used to these.

Aim to hold the mudra for 15 minutes 1-3 times per day, or once a day for 45 minutes. But its not an exact science and of course, any amount of time is more helpful than none. Once again, I encourage you to try these out and see for yourself what amount of time is needed for you to feel an inner shift!

Here are ten mudras to explore during your sitting meditation or pranayama practice. Happy hasta mudra-ing!

Pranayamas That You Should Make A Part Of Your Daily Fitness Schedule

The world is turning to yoga for the umpteen benefits this way of life offers. But theres a lot more that yoga can do apart from boosting your metabolism, improving your digestion, and helping banish symptoms of PMS. As the World Yoga Day celebrations peter off, we leave you with five pranayamas that you must include in your daily life. Done regularly, they will help you beat stress, relax, calm your mind and work as preventive measures.

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Sama Vritti Or Equal Ratio Breathing

One of the easiest-to-remember pranayama exercises is Sama Vritti, which is equal-length inhales and exhales. Box Breathing is Sama Vritti with retention on either end of the breath. These instructions use a four-second breath, but as you get more comfortable with Sama Vritti, you can make the breaths longer or shorter, as long as theyre still even.

How to practice Sama Vritti:

  • Find a comfortable sitting or standing position with a neutral spine.

  • Inhale for four seconds through the nose.

  • Exhale for four seconds through the mouth.

  • Practice Sama Vritti with Dylan Werner in his Breath Sequence: Stress & Anxiety Relief class.

    When Lifting Or Opening The Chest Inhale

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    In a heart-opening backbend, for instance, you increase the space in your chest cavity, giving the lungs, rib cage, and diaphragm more room to fill with air. And heart rate speeds up on an inhalation, increasing alertness and pumping more blood to muscles. Plus, Deep inhalation requires muscular effort that contributes to its activating effect, Cole says. Poses that lift and open the chest are often the practices energizing components, so synchronizing them with inhalations takes optimum advantage of the breaths effects on the body.

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    Which Type Of Yoga Is Best For Flexibility

    Power yoga is one of the most athletic forms of yoga. Based on the sequence of poses in Ashtanga yoga, power yoga builds upper-body strength and helps make you more flexible and balanced. You flow from one pose to another.

    Bhastrika Pranayama ‘bellows Breath’

    Bellows breath may be a good idea to try before the breath of fire , as it is similar but not as difficult. The main difference is both the inhale and exhale are forceful in this breathing technique.

    Here is how you can do the bellows breath:

    • Sit in Padmasana position with eyes closed and spine straight
    • Inhale deeply through your nostrils
    • Then exhale forcefully through your nostrils, using the diaphragm to ‘pump’
    • Inhale and exhale forcibly about 10 times
    • Then take a deep inhale
    • Hold the breath in for as long as you can
    • Slowly release the breath with a deep exhalation
    • After completing this cycle, you can rest with normal breathing, then continue for another three to five cycles

    Research has shown that this pranayama breathing technique can help with worry and tolerance of anxiety, as well as with PTSD.

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    Reduces High Blood Pressure

    High blood pressure, or hypertension, is when your blood pressure reaches an unhealthy level. It increases the risk for some potentially serious health conditions like heart disease and stroke.

    Stress is a major risk factor for high blood pressure. Pranayama can help minimize this risk by promoting relaxation.

    In a , participants with mild hypertension received antihypertensive drugs for 6 weeks. Half the participants also received pranayama training for 6 weeks. By the end of the study, the latter group experienced a greater reduction in blood pressure.

    This effect, according to the study authors, is likely due to the mindful breathing of pranayama.

    When you concentrate on your breathing, it can help calm your nervous system. This, in turn, may help reduce your stress response and risk of hypertension.

    Things To Keep In Mind Before Practicing Pranayama

    What is Pranayama? Different Types of Pranayama & Its Health Benefits

    Though most forms of yoga are safe to practice across the board, it is advised that people who want to practice different Pranayamas should at least have some prior experience doing yoga. And it is best if Pranayama is practiced under the supervision of a guru.

    Certain breathing exercises are not advised for the following people

  • Those who suffer from hypertension or low blood pressure
  • Those recovering from a recent heart attack
  • Those with chronic heart conditions
  • Pregnant women
  • Women who are menstruating
  • Those with bronchitis or severe breathing issues
  • It is best to be checked out by a professional practitioner before you begin your Pranayama journey.

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    Correct Positioning Of Calming Pranayama

    These are pranayamas that you should do without any effort. They remove stress and anxiety and help to calm down your nervous system. You can do these pranayamas as a stand-alone practice for therapeutic reasons.

    This group includes:

    Brief breath retention with chin- and root-lock. Exhalation with ears closed, making a humming sound.

    -Sheetali pranayama

    You roll your tongue to make a tube and inhale slowly through it. Then brief retention with chin- and root-lock.

    -Seetkari pranayama

    When these practices are done together with other pranayamas, they can be placed both in the beginning, middle and end of a pranayama session. But the ideal place would be between pranayamas from the previous groups and Nadi Shodhana pranayama. With such an order, you first get the benefit of pushing the limits of your breath. Then of guiding your nervous system into a calm state.

    If you follow the order that I have outlined you will now be ready to go deeper. We have arrived at the last category. I call it meditative pranayama.

    How To Do Pranayama Yoga

    • Sit quietly for a minute. Inhale and release normally.
    • During this one minute, think that you are going to get energy in body and mind to be healthy and strong.
    • Think that you are going to remove all the impurities of the mind through breathing and you are going to get energy and soul with breathing.
    • Think that the breath you take will be external to life, strength, positivism, and energy.
    • Close the eyes, focus the vision on the nose, keep the back straight, and calm the mind.
    • Take a deep breath, very slowly, do not rush. Think that you are filling energy and life in the mind and body.
    • Exhale slowly. The duration of exhalation should be the same as the duration of breathing. While exhaling, think that all the faults of your body and mind are coming out.
    • Repeat 10-20 times as per your convenience.

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    Why Do We Use Mudras

    You can use mudras to balance the energy in your body. Once this energy is balanced, you will experience more joy, better health, and calmness .

    Mudras are tools to help you achieve an intention. Mudras send energy to the brain to balance your entire body. Its common to use mudras for better health. Mudras are linked to Ayurveda, an Indian healing science.

    Each mudra will ask you to place your hands in a particular position. Putting your fingers together or in your body. Depending on your intention, the mudra will work in a certain way.

    You can practice mudras anywhere. You can use mudras for pretty much any ailments. For example, for headaches, fertility problems, pain, fever, insomnia, skin problems, hair loss, among others. You can also use mudras for self-confidence, positive thinking, bliss, and clarity of thought.

    Best Time For Forceful Breathing Followed By A Retention

    How Many Pranayama Are There in Yoga

    Now we are in the territory of pranayama described in ancient Sanskrit texts. The techniques in this group involve forceful breathing followed by kumbhaka, breath retention while at the same time performing energy seals, bandhas.

    The initial fast and forceful breathing makes it a lot easier to hold your breath afterwards. The reason is that you lower the level of carbon dioxide in the blood. The carbon dioxide level is the trigger for discomfort as you hold your breath, not the oxygen level. Hence, you can calmly hold your breath considerably longer and thus induce more calm.

    Pranayamas in this category :


    Active in and exhalation 20-80 times. Then retention with lungs filled with air while doing the chin-lock and the root lock.


    Active exhalation and passive inhalation 20-80 times. Then retention with empty lungs while doing the chin-lock, the root-lock and the abdominal lock.

    These two pranayamas are excellent as the first exercise in a pranayama sitting. They will make all the pranayamas done afterwards easier. However, in my opinion, they are not suitable as a stand-alone practice or as final pranayama. Always follow up with more subtle pranayama to harmonise and integrate the benefits of these two.

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